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General Knowledge and Current Affairs for Competitive Exams 2016

On 22 June 2016 Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) made a record of
launching 20 satellites in a single mission.
The satellites were successfully launched by the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLVC34.


With this ISRO has broken its own record of launching 10 Satellites in one go.
Earlier on 28, April 2008, ISRO by sending 10 satellites into space had made a world record.
The 727.5 kg Cartosat-2 Series Satellite along with 19 co-passenger satellites were launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota.
This is the thirty fifth consecutively successful mission of PSLV and the fourteenth in its ‘XL’ configuration.
The total weight of all the 20 satellites carried on-board PSLV-C34 was 1288 kg.
After a flight of 16 minutes 30 seconds, the satellites achieved a polar Sun Synchronous Orbit of 508 km inclined at an angle of 97.5 degree to the equator (very close to the intended orbit).
Then all the 20 satellites successfully separated from the PSLV fourth stage in a
predetermined sequence.
After separation, the two solar arrays of Cartosat-2 series satellite were deployed
automatically.
Then ISRO’s Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) at Bangalore took over the control of the satellite.
The imagery sent by the Cartosat-2 series satellite will be useful for cartographic applications, urban and rural applications, coastal land use and regulation, utility management like road network monitoring, water distribution, creation of land use maps, precision study, change detection to bring out geographical and manmade features and various other Land Information System (LIS) and Geographical Information System (GIS) applications.
Of the 19 co-passenger satellites carried by PSLV-C34, two – SATHYABAMASAT weighing 1.5 kg and SWAYAM weighing 1 kg – are University/Academic institute satellites and were built with the involvement of students from Sathyabama University, Chennai and College Of Engineering, Pune, respectively.
The remaining 17 co-passenger satellites were international customer satellites from Canada (2), Germany (1), Indonesia (1) and the United States (13).

With this successful launch, the total number of satellites launched by India’s workhorse launch vehicle PSLV has reached 113, of which 39 are Indian and the remaining 74 from abroad.

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